“Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common cutaneous malignancy with an incidence rate increasing each year.

Glutathione S-transferase A3 (GSTA3), a member of the glutathione S-transferase family, is considered an antioxidative protease, but its role in cSCC remains unclear.

GSTA3 was downregulated in both cSCC tissues and A431 cells. Additionally, overexpression of GSTA3 induced a phenotype with a lower degree of malignancy, while GSTA3 silencing induced more malignant phenotypes, including cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. Moreover, we found that the TGF-β/Smad2/3 and HIF-1α signalings were activated in cSCC under hypoxic conditions.


GSTA3 could inhibit cSCC progression through suppression of the TGF-β/Smad and HIF-1α signalings. Therefore, GSTA3 may prove to be a prospective therapeutic target for cSCC.”

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